meetthesea

Tag: Mediterranean marine species

Grey mullet

Scientific name: Chelon labrosus

Grey mullet lives near the edges of free waters on rocky soils covered with algae, sometimes very close to the surface of the sea. They can measure up to 60 cm and feed on small invertebrates and algae.

Curiosities

They are of considerable fishery importance, and are often artificially reared on marine fish farms.

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Neptune Grass

Neptune grass

Scientific name: Posidonia oceanica

It is an aquatic plant with roots, trunk, leaves, flowers and fruit. It is endemic to the Mediterranean and we always find it in well-lit areas up to 80 meters deep. Neptune grass takes root on the sand bottoms, fixing it, which is why it is very important in the creation of beaches.

Currently the Posidonia meadows are in clear regression due to water pollution, trawling and boat anchoring. It houses up to 400 types of algae and thousands of animal species.

Curiosities

Neptune grass suffers greatly in polluted waters, so they are indicators of the environmental quality of the water. Historically they have been used to build the roofs of local houses due to their insulating capacity and their ability to prevent the reproduction of bugs.

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erizo de mar

Sea urchin

Scientific name: Paracentrotus lividus

Urchins are found from just below sea level to depths of 20 meters. It occupies deep, round cavities in soft rocks that it enlarges as it grows. It is herbivorous and feeds on algae, which it sometimes covers with to protect itself from intense light.

Curiosities

They move through the rocks at a speed of 1 meter a day to feed and return to their resting point on the rock.

Discover more marine species in our section Species we see, and
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White seabream

Scientific name: Diplodus sargus

It is a silver fish with fine dark vertical lines along the entire body and a small black spot both at the base of the tail and on the face. It normally lives on the coast, where the waves break mainly in rocky areas but also in posidonia meadows. It feeds on bivalves, urchins, starfish, algae. Young specimens are omnivores and adults are carnivores.

Curiosities

Younger fish live more in groups than adults and can act as cleaners of parasites for other fish. It is one of the most frequent catches in the sport of spearfishing.

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Salema

Salema

Scientific name: Sarpa salpa

Their characteristic ten or twelve longitudinal golden stripes distinguish them from the Grey mullet and White seabream that often accompany them. They are one of the few herbivorous species in our waters and they always move in shoals feeding on the algae found on rocky and sandy bottoms near the coast.

Curiosities

Due to its vegetarian nature it is rarely caught by fishing enthusiasts, since baits of animal origin do not attract this species.

Discover more marine species in our section Species we see, and
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Tursiops truncatus

Bottlenose dolphin

Scientific name: Tursiops truncatus

It is the most common in Ibiza of the more than 30 existing ones. They live in groups of up to 10-12 and use a sonar-like echolocation system to find their food. They cooperate with each other to catch fish and invertebrates they feed on.

Curiosities

It has a large brain in relation to the size of its body. They have been confirmed to be the second most intelligent animal on the planet after humans. We often spot them when they approach our boat.

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Gilthead seabream

Scientific name: Sparus aurata

It is very sociable and lives in small groups on sandy bottoms up to 30 meters deep. It mainly feeds on bivalves which it digs up with its powerful tail and grinds with its strong teeth. It also feeds on algae and posidonia. Its size can reach 70 cm and its weight ranges between 5 and 8 kg.

Curiosities

In addition to the row of teeth on its jaw, it also has teeth on the palate.

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Conger eel

Scientific name: Conger conger

Dark gray and whitish on the belly. The activity of the conger eel begins at dusk, looking for prey coming out of its cleft in areas near the coast, where there is more variety of food. Their diet is based on fish, octopus and squid. They live in depths from 1 to 1,000 meters.

Curiosities

Although it is very resistant to wounds, it usually has scars caused by the suction cups of its favorite food, squid.

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Bluefin tuna

Scientific name: Thunnus thynuus

It has a solid torpedo-shaped body that allows it to move very quickly. Its low body temperature of 21 degrees allows it to enter cold waters and make long migrations. They move in schools with specimens of the same size and feed on other schools of fish such as hake and anchovies.

Curiosities

It is one of the largest fish in the open sea and reaches up to 80km/h in speed. They can live up to 15 years.

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Warty crab

Scientific name: Eriphia verrucosa

Warty Crab is shell is compact and its body is covered with small filaments, it can reach 10 cm in length. It has two strong claws that make it a great predator. This crab feeds on other crustaceans, mollusks, worms, and even small fish. It lives in rocks or cavities, usually near the coast or in breakers, never more than 15 m. deep.

Curiosities

It is a crustacean whose activity is greater at night and twilight hours. After brief excursions to territories near his hiding place, he collects his prey and drags them back to his cave.

Discover more marine species in our section Species we see, and
if you are interested in the world of fish you have a lot of information in FishBase.